Microcities: The Rise of the Mini Home and the Walkable Neighbourhood

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I’ve written before about how much I enjoy living in a small home in a walkable neighbourhood. Apparently I am not the only one. Real estate trends, urban planning theorists, and architects in North America are coming to the realization that more and more young people – Generation Y –  and even their soon-to-be-empty nest parents, want a smaller home. And not just anywhere, they want it in a walkable community. And most of those Generation Yers don’t even want to own a car!

If you are a relatively young person who grew up in the 80s like me, you probably grew up in the suburbs on a street surrounded by big homes with big driveways and big backyards. Walking to school was a 20-30 minute walk past more big homes with the odd gas station, fast food joint and 7-11 along the way. Other than this walk to school, you spent most of your time in a car. Getting your license was the ultimate ticket to freedom.

If you are like me, you do not look back at this as the ideal lifestyle because – lets face it – no matter how sexy car companies make driving look, it is expensive, boring and stressful.

As an adult, I have no desire to return this lifestyle. Unless I become a farmer (which would be nice but horribly impractical), I do not want a big house surrounded by other big homes.

North American demographics, car buying trends and real estate market research are all converging to prove what the urban planning community has been touting for years: the home of the future is small and in a walkable community.

America’s National Association of Realtors’ 2011 Community Preference Survey found that 58 percent of respondents indicated a preference for “a neighborhood with a mix of houses and stores and other businesses within an easy walk.”

This makes sense considering demographic trends. According to a recent Atlantic Cities article, the two largest generations – the Baby Boomers (born 1946-1964) and Millennials (born 1981-2000) - are reducing the share of total households with children, traditionally the portion of the market most interested in suburban homes with sizeable lots for kids to play in and grownups to maintain. Neither the Millennials with their preference for urban lifestyles nor the empty-nesting Boomers fit that suburban home market to nearly the same degree as their parents did. According to a recent article by Patrick Doherty of the New America Foundation:

Boomers and millennials, the two largest demographic groups in the country, are converging in a time-of-life moment where what they want is smaller homes on smaller lots in walkable, service-rich, transit-oriented communities. Boomers, who have just started turning 65, are empty-nesting and downsizing.  Millennials are in the process of getting married and having kids, and according to market surveys, 77 percent simply don’t ever want to go back to the ‘burbs. 

We need to build more dense, walkable communities, but what do homes in these communities look like?

Due to limited geography and developers preferences, Vancouver has spent the past 10 years focused entirely on building a walkable, liveable downtown filled with high rise condos. While this worked for downtown, not everyone in the rest of the city wants a one story home in the sky. Some people want a front door, an entrance to the outdoors, a small yard/outdoor space, two stories, not living under someone, etc.

If we build smaller homes, we can still have walkability without relying entirely on condos. There are many options. A recent article by Dan Parolek in Better! Cities & TownsMissing middle housing: Responding to demand for urban living notes that we need a complete paradigm shift in the way that we design, locate, regulate, and develop homes. As a report by  Urban Land Institute states, “it’s a time to rethink and evolve, reinvent and renew.” Missing Middle housing types, such as duplexes, fourplexes, bungalow courts, mansion apartments, and live-work units, are a critical part of the solution.

Vancouver’s new laneway housing initiative is a step in the right direction, but there are several middle housing types that also need to be encouraged to allow more density, affordability and walkability in existing neighbourhoods. My only hope is that Vancouver City Hall, developers and particularly residents continue to embrace these more gentle forms of density in our neighbourhoods so that young families can continue to live in the city. High-rise condo living is not for every one, but few people want a big home any more. Not me. Not Generation Y. Not even our parents.

Jillian Glover is a communications advisor specializing in urban issues. She is a former Vancouver City Planning Commissioner and holds a Master of Urban Studies. She was born and raised in Vancouver.

Image courtesy of iheartcities on flickr

  • Charlotte

    “in the process of getting married and having kids”…let’s see how they feel about the ‘burbs once their children get bigger and need space, outside and in.   As committed Londoners living in a terraced house with 8 and 10 year old boys we are about to do the unthinkable and move out. Space…yes…quiet…yes…privacy…yes…safety..yes…….. You get the picture.

    • http://twitter.com/adamnowek Adam Nowek

      This may be shocking, but most people are able to cope just fine without moving to the suburbs.

    • Eric Fazzini

      True, but Americans are having less children at a later age. And “quiet, private space” is boring when you live in it day-after-day.

    • English Teacher

      My wife and I have two kids and live in a comfortable 1100 sq. foot 3BR apartment in a multi-family house near a city park.  Our kids, like many of the other neighborhood kids, are out in the park nearly every day.  It’s like a yard, only much, much better: there are other kids to play with, other adults to talk to, a basketball court, a sprinkler, a sandbox, a small field, picnic tables, swingsets, climbing structures, etc.  It’s very lovely, my wife and I ride bikes to work, we can walk to shopping, etc.  There’s no reason most Americans couldn’t live more or less as we do–if not now (if we’ve mcuked things up by building too much sprawl), eventually.

    • http://pulse.yahoo.com/_QNZNLKFZ5SXU6KBLI7VXIEP4SI Doobie

      costly maintenance… yes… yardwork… yes… drive everywhere…. yes.  I guess maybe in england you don’t have to drive everywhere… but for us americans, moving out to the burbs means less time to do anything other than keeping up the house and hoarding goods for the apocalypse.

  • ecollage

    Those two buildings look like cages…no land, no space.

  • Eric Fazzini

    Just a note on growing up in the suburbs, not all are created equal. Some older subs in well-planned communities, usually first-ring suburbs, actually are quite walkable/bikeable, have corner stores and schools within easy walking distance.

  • Veronica

    This is really an abbreviated article about this idea, not that it is intended to be longer or more detailed but using Vancouver housing as an example is a bit inane. I live in Vancouver, in Kitsilano, and we have laneway houses in this neighbourhood. Laneway houses aren’t for sale, they are for renting only. And even they are very expensive. I don’t mean this as a naive “they are very expensive”, I mean that they are comparable, yes really, to NY-rental-prices-expensive. I mean absurdly expensive, but yes with better air around them I guess. And the cost of buying housing here in areas that are walkable (or anywhere) is even more expensive. Haven’t you seen the game online “Is this a crackhouse or a mansion?” which is a Vancouver game. Because even the most dilapidated ramshackle mess of a shack here is again insanely expensive. Vancouver is in a real estate fantasy bubble that isn’t going away. Vancouver is quickly becoming or has already become a resort town.